Vitamin D supplementation improves insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes subjects in Lagos, Nigeria
Abstract
Author(s): A C Anyanwu, O A Fasanmade, H A B Coker HAB, and A E Ohwovoriole

Type 2 diabetes is a disease caused by both insulin resistance and an insulin secretory defect. Reports suggest that vitamin D3 supplementation improves insulin resistance and pancreatic beta-cell function, but there is paucity of data on vitamin D and glycaemia in type 2 diabetes in Nigeria. We have therefore performed a single blind prospective randomised placebo-controlled trial, involving type 2 diabetes participants in Lagos, Nigeria. The participants consisted of 42 type 2 diabetes patients with vitamin D deficiency. These participants were randomised into two equal groups of treatment and a placebo arm. Vitamin D3 (3000 IU daily) was given to the participants in the treatment arm. Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and pancreatic beta-cell (HOMA-B) function were determined at baseline and after 12 weeks of vitamin D3 supplementation, or placebo treatment. There was a reduction from baseline in the mean insulin resistance level in both the treatment and placebo groups. However, this reduction was only statistically significant in the treatment group (p <0.01). The proportion of subjects with improvement in insulin resistance status (homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance score (HOMA-IR)<2.0) was significantly higher in the treatment arm (p<0.05). There was a reduction in the mean insulin secretory capacity in the treatment group while it increased in the placebo group, though this difference was not statistically significant. We conclude that vitamin D3 supplementation results in a reduction in insulin resistance, but has no effect on pancreatic beta-cell function in type 2 diabetes. 

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